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医学儿科

作者:医药翻译   日期:2014-04-19   

儿科学
Pediatrics
儿童保健
Child care
疾病防治
Disease prevention
营养基础
Basal nutrition
婴儿喂养
Infants’ feeding
营养不良
Malnutrition
小儿肥胖
obesity in Childhood
解剖
Anatomy:
生理生化
Physiology and biochemistry:
营养代谢
Nutrition and Metabolism:
免疫
Immunity:
病理
Pathology:
疾病的种类
Variety of Disease:
临床表现
Clinical Situation:
诊断
Diagnosis
治疗:Treatment
预后:Prognosis
预防:Prevention
胎儿期:Fetal Stage
胚卵期
Ovigerm Stage
胚胎期
Embryo Stage
新生儿期:Neonatal Period
脐带
Omphalus
足月儿
Term Infant
早产儿
Premature
过期产儿
Post term Infant
围产期
Perinatal stage
婴儿期:Infancy
幼儿期:Toddler Period
学龄期:School age
青春期:Adolescence
遗传
inheritance:
性别
sex:
内分泌
endocrine:
孕母情况
mother’s condition:
营养
nutrition:。
生活环境
living environment:
急性感染
acute infection
慢性疾病
chronic disease
消化道疾病
disease of digestive tract
内分泌疾病
endocrine disease
先天性疾病
congenital disease
体格生长:Physique growth


摄入不足
insufficiency of intake
胎粪排出
excretion of meconium
水分丢失
loss of moist
生长高峰
summit of growth
卧位
clinostatasm
站立位
erect position
头顶
vertex
耻骨联合上缘
superior margin of pubic symphysis
耻骨联合上缘
superior margin of pubic symphysis
足底
sole

nave
头围:Head Circumference
胸围:Chest Circumference
颅骨:Cranium
颅缝
cranial sutures:
前囟
anterior fontanel:
后囟
posterior:
脊柱:Rachis——生理弯曲的形成
长骨:Long Bone
干骺端
Metaphysis
软骨骨化
Cartilaginous ossification
骨膜下成骨
Subperiosteum ossification
乳牙
deciduous teeth
恒牙
permanent teeth
(乳牙)萌出
eruption
神经系统
nervous system
脊髓
spinal cord:
运动发育:Motor development
发音器官
organs of voicing
听觉
sense of hearing
大脑语言中枢
cerebral language center
语言交流
communication
护理:Nursing
计划免疫:Planned Immunity
心理卫生:Mental Health
生活习惯
living habit:
社会适应能力
social adaptation:
亲情 parent-child relationship
健康查体:Physical Examination
随访
follow-up
户外活动
open field activity:
身体抚触 stroking massage:
窒息
apnea:
中毒
intoxication


外伤
trauma
预防接种:Vaccination
主动免疫
Active immunity:
被动免疫
passive immunity:
预防接种
vaccination
小儿传染病
infectious disease
卡介苗
Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine, BCG vaccine
脊髓灰质炎疫苗 Polimyelitis Vaccine
麻疹疫苗
Measles Vaccine
百白破三联疫苗 Pertussis-Diphtheria-Tetanus triple vaccine
乙肝疫苗
Hepatitis B vaccine
初种
primary vaccination:
复种
revaccination:
不良反应
reaction:
热量的需要:Caloric Requirement
基础代谢:Basal Metabolism
排泄 Excretion
蛋白质:Protein
碳水化合物:Carbohydrate
脂肪:Fat
维生素:Vitamins
水溶性维生素:Water-soluble Vitamin
脂溶性维生素:Fat-soluble Vitamin
矿物质:Mineral
膳食纤维:Dietary Fiber
母乳喂养:Breast Feeding
母乳的成分:Component of Mother’s Milk
免疫物质:immune material
免疫球蛋白:Immune Gloulin
补体:Complement
乳铁蛋白:Lactoferrin
溶菌酶:Lysozyme
双歧因子:Bifidus Factor
细胞成分:Components of Cells
慢性消耗性疾病:Chronic consumptions
精神障碍:Mental disorders
急性传染病:Acute infectious diseases
断奶:Weaning
人工喂养:Bottle-Feeding
稀释:Dilution
加糖:Add Sugar
煮沸:Boiling
定时定量:Time and rationed Feeding
个体差异:Individual Difference


混合喂养
Mixed Feeding
大小便:Defecation
代授法:Breast-bottle-feeding
补授法:Supplemental Feeding
辅食添加:The Introduction of solid food
营养不良
Malnutrition
代谢异常
Developmental and Metabolic Disorder
临床分型:Clinical typing
消瘦型
Marasmus Malnutrition
浮肿型
Edema Malnutrition
消瘦-浮肿型
Marasmus—Edema Malnutrition
病因:Etiological Factor
摄入不足:Deficiency of Intake
辅食添加不及时:Introduction of Solid Food
饮食结构不合理:Incorrect Components of Diet
不良饮食习惯:Bad Eating Habit
消化吸收障碍:Disorder of Digestion and Absorption
消化道先天畸形:Congenital Anomaly of Digestive Tract
先天性代谢障碍:Congenital Dysbolism
消化功能紊乱:Disorder of Digestive Function
需求增多:Requirement Increases
生长发育迅速的时期:The period when children grow rapidly
疾病恢复期:Recovery Phase of diseases
双胎或多胎:Twins or Multiplets
早产:Premature
消耗性疾病
Consumptions
病理生理:Pathophysiology
代谢异常:Dysbolism
体温调节:Thermoregulation
机体各系统功能低下:Incapacity of Body Systems
消化系统:Digestive System
循环系统:Circulatory System
泌尿系统:Urinary System
神经系统:Nervous System
免疫系统:Immune System
临床表现:Clinical Situation
皮下脂肪
Subcutaneous Fat

Abdomen
躯干
Trunk

Breech
四肢
Extremities
面颊
Cheeks
皮肤
Skin
干燥
Dehydration


苍白
Pale;
肌肉
Muscles
松弛
Laxity
萎缩
Atrophy;
精神状态
Mental Status
萎靡
Dispirited
反应差
Low Response;
全身症状
General Symptoms
并发症:Complication
营养性贫血:Nutritional Anemia
各种维生素缺乏症:Various Kinds of Avitaminosis
感染:Infections
低血糖:Hypoglycemia
诊断标准:Standard of Dignosis
分型:Types
分度:Degrees
实验室检查:Laboratory Examination
鉴别诊断:Differential Diagnosis
治疗原则:Therapeutic Principle
综合治疗
Comprehensive Treatment
治疗方法:Therapeutic Method
积极治疗原发病:Cure the Primary Disease
饮食治疗:Diet Therapy
药物治疗:Drug Treatment
支持治疗:Supporting Therapy
危重症处理:Treatment in Crises
度营养不良伴腹泻时的治疗
Severe Malnutrition companied by Diarrhea:
营养不良性水肿的治疗
Nutritional Edema:
蛋白质缺乏综合症(恶心营养不良综合症)Kwashiorkor
添加辅食:Instruction of solid food
睡眠充足:Sufficient Sleeping
防治先天性疾病和小儿急性传染病:
Prevention and Treatment of Congenital Diseases and
Acute Infectious Diseases
孕期保健与产前诊断:Health Care in Pregnancy and Prenatal Diagnosis
新生儿筛查:Neonatal Screening
治疗先天性疾病:Cure Congenital Diseases
按时预防接种:Vaccination on time
定期体格检查:Regular Physical Examination
营养障碍性疾病
Dystrophy
病因及病理生理:Etiological Factor and Pathophysiology
单纯性肥胖:Simple Obesity
摄入过多:Excessive Intake
活动过少:Lack of Movement
家族遗传:Inheritance


神经、精神因素:Nervous and Mental Factors
继发性肥胖:Secondary Obesity
膝外翻
Genu Valgum
扁平足
Fallen arch
性发育较早:Early Sexual Development
实验室检查:Laboratory Examinations
胆固醇
Cholesterol
甘油三酯
Triglyceride:
β脂蛋白
Beta Lipoprotein:
胰岛素
Insulin:
生长激素
Growth Hormone:
诊断标准:Standard of Diagnosis
轻度
Mild:
制度
Moderate:
重度
Severe:


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